In 2007, Odinga called for street protests after tallying was abruptly stopped and a winner announced. The political protests and ethnic violence killed more than 1,200 people and displaced more than half a million.

Msando had made frequent media appearances to reassure voters that new technology to be deployed in the coming election was reliable and proofed against fraud.

“The only issue is who killed him and why … I demand from the government that they provide security for all members of the IEBC for them to give Kenya free and fair elections,” said Chebukati.

Police were not available for comment.

Rashid Abdi, a regional analyst at the International Crisis Group, said that the killing of “someone who was involved in a critical component of the elections, the electronic infrastructure” would “definitely raise suspicions and undermine public confidence in the outcome” of the poll.

Human Rights Watch said Msando’s death should be urgently investigated.

Most analysts have said that the prospect of disorder on the scale of 2007 is remote, though some local clashes are to be expected during the campaign and after the results are declared.

The announcement of Msando’s death came days after an attacker killed a policeman outside the vice-president’s country home.

Kenya, east Africa’s largest economy, is experiencing drought, deep corruption, soaring inflation and high unemployment. There have been violent clashes between pastoralists and ranchers in the Laikipia region.

Early predictions were that Kenyatta would win easily, but more recent polls have indicated a tight race.

“It is not clear if the gap is actually narrowing, but … there is certainly a perception that the opposition has momentum,” said Nic Cheeseman, a professor of democracy at the University of Birmingham and an expert in African politics.

“They are hitting the government hard on corruption, rising inequality and rising cost of living. They have been connecting all three very well.”

Some analysts question the impact of economic factors, stressing that most Kenyans still vote along ethnic lines.

This article was first published on The Guardian Website

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