There is also an "intra-corporate immunity" rule in Missouri where "communications between officers or employees of a corporation in the regular course of business, or between different offices of the same corporation" are not publications for defamation purposes. Hellesen v. Knaus Truck Lines, Inc., 370 S.W.2d 341, 344 (Mo. 1963); see also Perez v. Boatmen's Nat'l Bank of St. Louis, 788 S.W.2d 296, 300 (Mo. Ct. App. 1990). Communication by a corporation's officers or supervisors to non-supervisory employees constitute a publication for purposes of a defamation. Snodgrass v. Headco Indus. Inc., 640 S.W.2d 147 (Mo. Ct. App. 1982). However the intra-corporate immunity rule does not appear to be applicable to communications outside of the corporate context, for example partnerships.
Statute of Limitations for Defamation
An action for libel or slander that is first published in Missouri must be commenced within two years. Mo. Rev. State § 516.140 (2011).
New Jersey Defamation Law
Note: This page covers information specific to New Jersey. For general information concerning defamation, see the Defamation Law section of this guide.
Elements of Defamation
In New Jersey, the elements of a defamation claim are:
a false statement about the plaintiff;
communication of the statement to a third party;
fault of the defendant amounting at least to negligence; and
damages suffered by the plaintiff.
See DeAngelis v. Hill, 847 A.2d 1261, 1267-68 (N.J. 2004). These elements of a defamation claim in New Jersey are similar to the elements listed in the general Defamation Law section, with the following exceptions:
Public and Private Figures